Document Type : Original Article
State University of Land Use Planning
In the modern world, there is the problem of ecosystem pollution by household waste. Glass, plastic, rubber, chemicals in the soil or in the air can decompose for hundreds or even thousands of years. The problem of municipal solid waste is ripe in cities. A person daily throws household garbage - packaging, paper, food waste and much more, and most of this waste is disposed of together.
The article presents the results of a study of the environmental impact of the Torbeevo solid waste landfill (hereinafter referred to as MSW) of the Torbeevo district of the Moscow Region in 2018. The current geoecological state of the landfill territory is determined. Measures are proposed to prevent, minimize the negative impact of the landfill on the environment of the district.
Key words: nature management, environment, municipal solid waste, waste utilization, ecological state, pollution, ecosystem components, cartographic schemes.
The MSW landfill is a complex integrated environmental protection facility. The purpose of the functioning of the solid waste landfill is to collect, dispose and bury human waste, mainly household waste. However, imperfections in the processing of waste in our country, in fact, allow the placement of all types of waste at the landfill, including industrial.
The Lyubertsy region is negatively affected by the Torbeevo MSW landfill, mainly due to its congestion. Residents of several settlements (Torbeevo, Kraskovo, Tomilino, Nekrasovka, etc.) note the frequent appearance of a sharp unpleasant odor that appears as a result of the operation of treatment facilities, waste incinerators.