NDVI as a geoecological indicator of environmental change in Al-Hwizeh alluvial marches in southeastern Iraq

Document Type : Original Article



In this article, land cover inventories and surveys were carried out at the Al-Hwizeh Alluvial Marches located in the lower Mesopotamian basin of southeastern Iraq. RS and GIS were used to detect changes in the region as well as changes in NDVI and NDWI values ​​using TM and ETM (Landsat 7, 8), respectively. Satellite images were received. Processing programs such as ArcGIS were applied to classify land cover areas for the 2010-2019 period.
in addition to, two schemes have been developed for the Normalized Differential Vegetation Index (NDVI) for an area of ​​198.63 km² in Al-Hwizeh AM for the period from 2013 to 2019.
It was noticed that the results were positive, which indicates an increase in vegetation and plant density in Al-Hwizeh AM , only - in 2019 the results were negative.